Carpinteria Crystal

Carpinteria Crystal

by
Clifford E Carnicom
Sep 25 2016

An environmental crystal sample sent to Carnicom Institute from a concerned citizen has been analyzed as to its nature.  The ground sample was received three years ago and it has been held in custody since that time.  Circumstances are now more favorable toward establishing the identity or nature of inorganic compounds, and thus the opportunity to do so in this case has been exercised.  The sample originates from the Santa Barbara – Carpinteria region of the country.  The sample is well documented, clean, and has been collected and transported in a careful fashion.

One of the reasons for the interest in the sample is a repetition of events.  The citizen reports that similar appearing materials  have occurred within the same coastal housing district on multiple occasions over a period of many years.  In addition, the findings of this study may have relevance to a paper presented earlier on this site.  The interest in devoting time to sample analysis is directly related to the the frequency and pattern of appearance.

There are also several occasions of crystal samples collected or received over the years that have not received proper attention due to insufficient resources and means for investigation.  The majority of these cases, to my recollection, resulted from air filtration systems.  These deficiencies have likely delayed our understanding of various forms of pollution that likely surround us, and this will remain the case until full and sufficient resources are devoted to these types of problems.  It is the opinion of this researcher that the regulating environmental protections agencies have an obligation to this end and that it has not been well served.

This particular sample has the following appearance:

sb_crystal_2013-01

Environmental Crystal Sample Material Received in 2013

 

The purpose of this paper is not to debate the origin or delivery method of the sample; the information available is insufficient to fully detail those answers.  It can be stated in fairness that the observer witnessed heavy aerosol  operations over the region in the early hours of the day of collection of the sample.  The density and activity level of the operations was stated to be high.

The purpose of this paper IS to call attention to what may be a repeating type of material that has potentially important environmental consequences, particularly if they are found to exist in aerosol or particulate form within the general atmosphere.  The sample type is also fully consistent with many of the analyses and postulates that have developed within the research over the years.  The specifics of that discussion will follow within this paper.

The sample has been evaluated using multiple approaches.  These include, but are not limited to:

  1. Electrochemistry techniques, specifically differential normal pulse voltammetry.
  2. Solubility analyses
  3. Melting point determination
  4. Density estimates
  5. Microscopic crystal analysis
  6. Qualitative reagent tests
  7. Conductivity measurements
  8. Index of refraction measurements

The results of these analyses indicate that the dominant component of the material is that of potassium chloride, a metallic salt form.  There are indications that the sample does contain more than one component, but any further investigation will have to take place at a later time.   Every physical and chemical form has implications, applications and consequences, especially if they occur in a manner foreign or unexplained to the environment.  The material shown above is of no exception to those concerns.  It may be the case that the appearance of this material in an unexplained manner and location is of no consequence; prudence, however, would suggest that we are obligated to seek out that which has no accountable explanation.  This premise is at the very heart of any forensic investigation, and environmental science and pollution control are also subject to that very same demand.

 


 

A brief bit of historical perspective on this topic could be helpful.  A search on this site on the subject of crystals will bring up a minimum of eight additional papers that are relevant; there are likely to be more.  These papers range in date from 2001 to the current date, so from this standpoint alone there is a repeating issue involved here.

A search on this site for historical presentation on potassium issues produces at least three papers on the subject.  There is reason to consider, therefore, that potassium (and related) chemical compounds may be worthy of examination with respect to geoengineering as well as biological issues.

Within this combined set of close to a dozen or more papers on the subjects, two will be mentioned further at this time.

The first will be that of another sample, also of a crystalline nature, received in 2003 from the same specific region of the country.  The title of that short report is “Additional Crystal Under Examination” (Jun 2003).  There are three points of interest in comparison between that and the current report:

1. Two generally similar and unaccountable sample forms appear in similar locations over a 10 year period, and a public interest in identification of the nature of the material remains over this same prolonged period.

2. The report in 2003 is reasonably brief with a limited microscopic examination offered.  The topic is mentioned more in the sense of an anomaly and a curiosity as there is no basis at the time for an in depth study of the materials; in addition, resources to do so at the time are non-existent.

3. The third will be the comment regarding the lack of water solubility of the first sample.  The importance of this observation will be the fact that the samples, although visually similar, have important differing chemical properties.  The conclusion is that multiple material types are expected to be subject to investigation over the course of time.

The second will be that of a laboratory report received in the year of  2005.  The title of that paper is “Calcium and Potassium” (Mar. 2005).  The importance and relevance of this paper can be understood from the opening paragraph:

A laboratory analysis of a rainwater sample from a rural location in the midwestern U.S. has been received.  This lab report reveals extremely high levels of potassium and calcium within the sample. Comparative studies have been done and they show that the calcium concentration is a minimum of 5 times greater, and that the potassium level is a minimum of 15 times greater than that which has been reported1 in the polluted skies of Los Angeles, California.

It will also be noticed that several health and environmental concerns with respect to aerosolized potassium salts are enumerated in that latter paper.  Attention should also be paid to the intriguing discussion of electromagnetic effects and impacts that must be considered with the chemistry of potassium and related ions.

Potassium chloride has common uses as well, such as a fertilizer or as a water treatment compound; there is, however, no cause given to think that it is being used in such fashions at this location and setting at this time.

 


 

Let us now bring ourselves back to the current moment.  The relevance and direction of those papers have borne themselves out over time, and the urgency of responsibility upon us is as imposing as ever.  We do not have the luxury of another 20 years to conclude on such an obvious state of affairs.

There are at least three immediate applications or consequences of the existence of aerosolized potassium chloride upon the atmosphere that should be mentioned.

1. Heat Impacts

2. Moisture Impacts

3. Electromagnetic Impacts

With respect to heat impact, potassium chloride is highly soluble within water.  When it does dissolve, it absorbs heat from the water, and the magnitude is significant.  Potassium chloride has actually been used as a cold pack commercially for this same reason; it is also readily available and relatively inexpensive.  It therefore can potentially be used to influence atmospheric thermodynamics, and this is one of many leads of investigation to pursue.

On the flip side of the equation, potassium chloride in a solid state has a rather low specific heat, especially relative to that of both air and water.  This means that, depending upon the state of the surrounding atmosphere, that it can also possess the capability to heat the atmosphere, rather than to cool it.

Furthermore, potassium as a metal in its elemental form also has a lower specific heat than air and once again this may allow for a net heating impact upon the atmosphere, depending on states of being, location and interaction with other elements or compounds.

The point of this discussion is that metallic salts of any kind DO have an impact upon the heating dynamics of the atmosphere, and that this process can be both complicated and variable.  You cannot place anything into the atmosphere without having an effect in some fashion, and it is a mistake to oversimplify and overgeneralize as to what those changes will be.  The location of placement of aerosols is another matter also, as has been discussed extensively on this site.

We are, therefore, not permitted to remain ignorant of the impacts that foreign and contaminating materials have upon the environment; heat dynamics are only one of many aspects of that we are forced to confront when the atmosphere is altered in ANY significant fashion.

There are, of course, many other environmental consequences from the addition of ionizable metallic salts into the environment.  These include plant life and agriculture, for example.  Readers may also wish to become familiar with a discussion regarding soil impacts as presented within the paper “The Salts of Our Soils” (May 2005).

As far as moisture is concerned, heat and moisture are obviously very closely related subjects.  One of the trademarks of the salt genre is that of absorbing moisture.  Some salts attract moisture so strongly that they are hygroscopic, meaning that they can draw moisture from the ambient atmosphere.  The observation of this phenomenon is quite remarkable; one can start with a solid and watch it change to an eventual liquid form.  Calcium chloride and strontium chloride are both good examples of this class of materials.

Locking moisture up in this fashion will most certainly increase the heat in the atmosphere; water is one of the greatest cooling compounds that exists on the planet.  It is impossible to separate heat and moisture impacts when dealing with aerosolized metallic salts; it is certain that there will be an impact upon the atmosphere,  environment and health.  It is difficult to predict a favorable outcome here.

Lastly, there may still be some that will ridicule the notion of electromagnetic impacts of ionized metallic salts upon the atmosphere and the environment.  I think such an approach might ultimately be foolhardy.  This tenet was brought forth early in the research of this organization, and the premise remains as strong as when it is originated.  For those that care to repeat the enterprise, there are measurements to support the hypothesis, and they only continue to accumulate.

For those that seek conventional sources, one need look no further than a document that traces back to the 1990’s, entitled “Modeling of Positively Charged Aerosols in the Polar Summer Mesopause Region” (Rapp, Earth Planets Space 1999).  A very specific reference of the ability of potassium in combination with ultraviolet light to increase the electron density of the atmosphere will be found there.  There are other elements that share in this remarkable physical property, and they have been discussed within this site for many years now.  Reading the patents by Bernard Eastlund may also be insightful.  The ability of moisture to ionize many metallic salts is also to be included within the examinations that are required to take place.

It is difficult to ignore and discount the fundamental heat, moisture, and electromagnetic impacts upon the planet when metallic salts are artificially introduced into the atmosphere.  It would not be wise to do so.  The case for investigation, accountability and redress is now strong, and each of us can make the choice as to how to best proceed.  It seems to be a simple matter to want to protect and ensure the welfare of our gifted home, as our existence depends upon it.  Clarity and unity of purpose would seem to be an end goal here; I hope that each of us will seek it.

Regardless of the origin of this particular sample (which is unlikely to ever be known exactly), this report points to the requirement of identifying repetitive and unknown contaminants in the environment.  The responsibility for this process does not fall either primarily or exclusively upon the citizens; this population has neither the resources or means to perform or satisfy the requirements of identification, evaluation and assessment.  Entrusted agencies that exist specifically for protection of the welfare of the common environment (e.g., air, water, soil) and that are funded by these same citizens ARE required to do so.  In this vein, I will once again repeat the closing statement from above:

Clarity and unity of purpose would seem to be an end goal here; I hope that each of us will seek it.

 

Clifford E Carnicom

Sep 25 2016


 

Supplemental Discussion:

Approximately a dozen methods of investigation have been used to reach the conclusions of this report.  These will now be described to a modest level of detail to assist in portraying the complexities of analyzing unknown environmental samples.  This description will further the argument that the citizenry is not realistically expected to assume this burden and cost; contamination and pollution are at the heart of existence for publicly funded environmental protection agencies and entities.  It is recommended that the public seek the level of accountability that is required to reduce and eliminate persistent and harmful pollution and the contamination of our common environment.

1. Voltammetry:

The methods of differential pulse voltammetry have been applied to the sample.  The methods are quite useful in the detection of inorganics, especially metals and trace metal concentrations.  The results of the analysis are shown below:

carpinteria-crystal-sep-04-2016-03

Differential Normal Pulse Voltammetry Analysis of Crystal Sample

The analysis indicates a minimum of two chemical species to consider.  The first of these is a suspected Group I or Group II element (-2.87V).  The most probable candidates to consider will be that of calcium, strontium, barium and potassium.  The other will be the consideration of  the chloride ion ( +0.63V and +1.23V).

At this point of the investigation, our strongest prospect will therefore be an ionic metallic salt crystalline form, most likely involving a subset of Group I or II of the periodic table.  The most likely candidate will, furthermore, be a chloride form of the salt.

2. We can then proceed to solubility tests.  Four candidates from above will now be considered, along with two additional candidates resulting from the chloride prospects:

calcium chloride
strontium chloride
barium chloride
potassium chloride

lithium chloride
cesium chloride

With respect to the first set of four, the solubility tests applied (i.e., water, methanol, acetone, sodium bicarbonate, acid, base) eliminate all but potassium chloride for further examination.

This reduces the primary set of consideration to that of:

potassium chloride
lithium chloride
cesium chloride

We now attempt to confirm the existence of the chloride ion in a redundant fashion.  A qualitative chemical test (HCl, AgNO3) is then applied to the sample in aqueous solution.  The existence of the chloride ion is confirmed.  The set of three candidates remains in place.

The next method applied to the sample is the determination of the melting point of the presumed ionic crystal form.  Ionic metallic salts have generally high melting points and this does present some difficulties with the use of conventional equipment and means.

The methods of calorimetry were adapted to solve this particular problem.  The methods were also applied to a control sample of potassium chloride, as well as two additional control compounds.  The results of the control and calibration trials produced results within the range of expected error (~ < 5%).

The melting point of the crystal form was determined experimentally by the above methods as approximately 780 deg. C.  The melting point of potassium chloride is 770 deg. C.  This result is well within the range of expected experimental error (1.4%).  During the process, it was noticed that an additional minority compound does exist within the sample, as a small portion of the sample does melt at a much lower point (est. 300-400 deg. C.) The minority compound would require separation and identification in a further analysis.

The melting points of lithium chloride and cesium chloride are 605 deg. C. and 645 deg. C., respectively, and they are thus eliminated from further consideration.

These results narrow the list of candidates specifically to that of potassium chloride.

An additional controlled test of conductivity of the salt in solution was applied.   The result of that test indicates agreement in conductivity with a known concentration solution of potassium chloride.  The error in that case was also well within the expected range of experimental error (0.6%).

In addition, further tests involving density determination, index of refraction, visual and microscopic crystal analysis further substantiate the identification of the crystal as being primarily that of potassium chloride.

Morgellons Research Project: Statement of Purpose

Morgellons Research Project:

Statement of Purpose

The Carnicom Institute is embarking on a first of its kind study of the Morgellons condition often referred to as Morgellons Disease. The project will start with a questionnaire process, and this is in progress at this time. Subsequent developments of data collection and/or clinical studies may develop in the future depending upon support and resources.

This research program will not be possible without the public’s participation and support. Based on what we already know, we believe that a greater understanding of the Morgellons condition is vital, and must be accomplished for the benefit of all human beings. Honest and legitimate scientific research participation is what we are providing to interested individuals. We hope that you will offer us your help.

This study will be conducted in an anonymous and confidential manner for research purposes only. There will be no medical diagnosis or individual interpretation(s) given. The research project is intended for scientific purposes and the knowledge obtained will be for the public benefit.

Disclaimer: The Carnicom Institute is a not for profit educational and research organization. It serves the public welfare. We do not advocate any particular products, protocols, or therapies related to health or environmental safeguards. The Institute is not affiliated with any political or religious groups.

MORGELLONS AND RECENT FINDINGS

MORGELLONS  AND RECENT FINDINGS:

PART I : MORGELLONS : A REVERSAL STRATEGY

PART II : PROTEINACEOUS FORM IDENTIFIED

PART III : DIMORPHISM, SYMBIOSIS OR DESIGN

PART IV: MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF THE GROWTH FORMS

PART V : DNA EXTRACTION

PART VI: THE SERBIAN SAMPLE

PART VII : COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPY

PART VIII : CONFERENCE VIDEO EDITING PROJECT

PART IX : CULTURE GROWTH RATE IMPROVED

PART X : ELECTROPHORESIS PROCESS BEGINSPART

XI : ANOTHER POSITIVE TEST METHOD FOR IRON (Fe+3) IN THE CULTURE

IN PROGRESS
Estimated Completion Date : Can Not Be Estimated At This Time

Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 2012

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.  Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

 

PART I : MORGELLONS : A REVERSAL STRATEGY (Dec. 18, 2011)

A viable and tangible strategy to disrupt the growth process of the Morgellons condition, as it exists within the culture form that has been developed, has been established.  This strategy involves the breakdown of certain chemical bonds within an identified proteinaceous complex in a manner that is not harmful to the human body.  The reduction strategy also includes the release of iron that is held within the proteinacous complex in a chelated form.  This strategy has been established with confidence and a repetition of results.  The current work will be applied next directly to oral human samples.  Much time, energy and resources will be required to further investigate, verify and apply this strategy. The preliminary results and the theories are promising at this stage.

biuret iron

To be continued

protein graph

To be continued

PART II: PROTEINACOUS FORM IDENTIFIED

A note to the staff of the Institute tonight (Dec. 2, 2011); this will give some idea as to some of the work in progress…


The existence of a protein within the culture growths has now been established with confidence tonight. I had to do work to eliminate questions of potential contaminants that might have distorted the results. It is also a process of much patience with chromatography, literally drip by drip over many days for each test that is set up. It has taken about 1 1/2 to 2 months to get to this point.

Existence of a protein is eventually of equal importance as that of the iron work. We now have iron and the protein as two primary and identified constituents. This work will raise more questions that it answers, but we need to live with this for now until future means and equipment and methods work their way in. One more reliable way of putting a stop to this fellow is to truly understand the biochemistry and the life cycle of growth; there is then a better chance of interfering with that cycle in a known manner.

The existence of a protein means there is DNA behind it. As you can imagine, the work has actually just begun if we can get these means. Next questions would be what type of protein, what is the function of the protein(s), sequencing of the proteins, etc. Right along with it would be the isolation of DNA, electrophoresis work, etc.  An infra-red spectrophotometer would be a very useful piece of equipment for us on an ongoing basis – we are having to work very hard to get certain results that would be more apparent with the right equipment.

I may put this comment on the paper to get the process started, otherwise I have so many to write I will never get to any of them at the current rate…

Clifford

 A positive Biuret protein test result

A positive Biuret protein test result using a separation of elute from the chromatography column. The sample material is based upon a culture from oral filaments.  The original extraction from the chromatography column is to the left; the positive Biuret result for the existence of a protein is shown on the right with the purple color.  Successful separation on the column has been achieved using various combinations of solvents in combination with a stationary phase

A positive Biuret test result using whey

A positive Biuret test result using whey (lactoferrin) protein for control purposes.  A positive test results in the purplish color shown above.  The Biuret test depends on a copper complex that forms between the protein (peptide bonds) and copper sulfate and an alkaline solution, such as sodium hydroxide.

PART III: DIMORPHISM, SYMBIOSIS OR DESIGN

The morphology, metabolism and life cycle of the “Morgellons” organism, as defined by this researcher, is increasingly being understood.  There are now three scenarios that can be provided that encompass the majority of the understanding that has been achieved.  

The first of these examines a similarity of form, at least in part, to a dimorphic fungal-like organism.  

The second considers the joint existence of bacterial-like and fungal-like organisms in a symbiotic relationship.  

The last raises the spectre of a genetically created or designed organism.  

Each of these scenarios has certain strengths, weaknesses and probabilities of occurrence.  There can also be a degree of overlap between these alternative interpretations.  This paper will discuss what has been discovered, within these three scenarios,  that helps us to potentially define the nature of this unusual organism.

morphology 1

morphology 2

morphology 3

morphology 4

morphology 5

morphology 6

morphology 7

morphology 8

morphology 9

morphology 10

morphology 11

morphology 12

morphology 13

morphology 12

morphology 13

PART IV: MAGNETIC (ELECTROMAGNETIC) PROPERTIES OF THE GROWTH FORMS:

The magnetic (and consequently, the electromagnetic) properties of the primary Morgellons growth form are now proven in a direct fashion.  The video segments below show the response of both the culture derived form and the oral sample to a strong magnetic field.  These demonstrations will call into consideration each of the papers written on the subject of electromagnetics by this researcher.  One such topic will be the extended research that has been done that reveals the ambient presence of unaccounted Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) energy over a testing period of several years.  The human electromagnetic system operates primarily within the ELF portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.  The sensitivity and response of the Morgellons growth form to the electromagnetic spectrum is another of the many primary fields of research that requires funding, resources and skilled personnel to complete.  The identified presence of iron and ferromagnetic compounds within the growth forms establishes the basis of this future research, along with the direct demonstration of the magnetic response shown below:


To be continued.


PART V: DNA EXTRACTION

dna 1 dna 2 dna 3

To be continued.


PART VI: THE SERBIAN SAMPLE

To be continued.

serbia 1 serbia 2
serbia 3
serbia 4 serbia 5
serbia 6 serbia 7
serbia 8

PART VII: COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY

To be continued.

column 1

column 2

 

PART VIII : CONFERENCE VIDEO EDITING PROJECT

 

To be continued.

PART IX : CULTURE GROWTH RATE IMPROVED

To be continued.

X : ELECTROPHORESIS PROCESS BEGINS

ELECTROPHORESIS 1

Starch Gel Electrophoresis Applied to Proteinacous Samples : Initial Tests Underway

ELECTROPHORESIS 2

ELECTROPHORESIS 3

Starch Gel Electrophoresis : Trial Runs of Test Dyes and Blood Sample.   Left photograph shows methylene blue dye migration towards the negative terminal. Arrows on right photograph depict origins of placement.  Blood sample shows both positive and negative charged protein component separation at lower portion of right photograph.  Eosin test case on upper left of right photograph; migration toward positive terminal  Methods remain under development; no successful separation of presumed culture based proteinacous component at this time.

To be continued.

XI :ANOTHER POSITIVE TEST METHOD FOR FERRIC IRON (Fe3+) IN THE CULTURE

Another test method has been developed to detect and establish the presence of iron in the Fe3+ state within the culture growth that is based upon the oral samples.  The test is positive.  The further significance of this test is that it has been applied directly to the proteinaceous complex that has been extracted from the culture with the use of column chromatography.  This further substantiates the case that the proteinaceous complex itself contains iron in the ferric state and that this iron is bound to certain amino acids that are under examination as candidates.   It will be possible to determine the concentration of the iron within the proteinaceous complex through spectrometry.  The test is based upon the use of ammonium thioglycolate.

Clifford E Carnicom
(born Clifford Bruce Stewart Jan 19 1953)

MORGELLONS : pH, CONDUCTIVITY, IONS & LIVE ANALYSIS

MORGELLONS :
pH, CONDUCTIVITY, IONS & LIVE ANALYSIS

Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 10 2010

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I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information.  I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

All work thus far indicates that the culture forms under examination encompass primary pathogenic forms that are in association with the so-called “Morgellons” condition.  These are the the encasing filament, the chlamydia-like organism, the mycoplasma-like (pleomorphic) organism and under certain conditions, the erythrocytic (red blood cell) form.  This list does not exclude current or future discoveries by any party that are sufficiently documented, but this list is inclusive as of this date.

An exact match in chemistry, size and growth has been established between the human biological based cultures and the cultures developed from a specific airborne filament sample that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has refused to identify.  The same degree of similarity has been achieved with a culture developed from a human DNA extraction.   Please see previous reports for further information on these topics.

The chemistry of the various cultures has been under study in more detail of late, and the following assessments can be provided at this time:

1.  The culture flourishes in an acidic environment.  Most biochemical processes take place within relatively narrow and defined pH ranges.  As such, the acidic nature of the growth medium has increased in importance in the evaluation of the growth.  Conversely, it is proposed at this stage that an increase in alkalinity in the growth medium is likely to be less favorable to the growth process.  This hypothesis is eventually to be tested in detail, but several months will likely be required to detail that problem.

2. Conductivity testing indicates that the conductivity of the growth medium increases substantially in correlation with the age of the culture.  This indicates that an increase in the ion concentration of the growth medium has occurred as the culture matures.  The growth of the filament stage of the culture usually passes through three color phases during maturation : white, green and eventually black.  The full growth cycle can commonly take two to three months to complete.

3.  The pH of the culture medium itself (red wine)  does not appear to significantly change during the growth process.  When this information is coupled with that of the conductivity report above, it can be established that the H+ ion or the OH- ion concentration does not appear to change substantially during the growth process.  It does remain clear, however, that the growth propagates strongly within an acidic (increased H+ concentration, specifically red wine) environment.

4.  The increase in conductivity beckons for the determination of what ion species change as a function of growth, i.e., if not the hydrogen or hydroxide ion.    A series of qualitative chemical tests of the affected culture medium vs. a control of original red wine have been conducted.  Although the work is of a preliminary nature, it does appear as though certain ions of importance have been identified. The initial assessments at this stage are that:

     a. There are indications of an increase in the chloride ion concentration (Cl-) with the age of the culture.

     b.  There are indications of a decrease in the iron ion concentration (Fe2+) with the age of the culture.

5.  It appears that the chlamydia-like organism ( a focal point of the biological research underway)  can use the ferrous ion as a source of nourishment.  This assessment is reached both through qualitative chemical ion analysis and by direct observation of the culture development.

There are likely to be significant biological ramifications that would accompany such chemical changes, should these analyses be borne out in time; these are to be discussed at a later point if they are further confirmed.  It is reasonable to expect significant biochemical changes in conductivity or ion exchange within the human organism.   It is also germane to state that iron is essential in the production of hemoglobin, and that degradation of red blood cell integrity has been a primary subject of research for some time now.  It can also be stated that a decrease in iron levels can lead to increased fatigue and immune suppression.  

No medical advice or diagnosis of ANY kind is made with the presentation of this information, and all readers are advised and required to work with their chosen health professional for any medical or health concerns or issues.  All reports of a biological nature are to be regarded as informational only and they derive from independent research.

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CULTURE ION ANALYSIS :

culture ion analysis

culture ion analysis 2

A testing of the hypothesis that iron may act as a nutrient source to the pathogenic culture within the red wine medium.   In this case, a mature and relatively inactive portion of the culture is at the top left corner of the photograph (dark green conglomerate).  A small amount of ferrous sulfate in powdered form has been added to the surface of the wine medium.  The question to be answered is whether or not there is a noticeable resurgence in growth in conjunction with the presence of the iron compound.  The result of the test is positive, i.e., there is an increase in growth that relates directly to the added presence of the iron.

Another photograph showing the relatively rapid development of cultural growth (white specks , chlamydia-like component, one of four components) on the newly introduced iron salt on the top of the wine. The hypothesis of utilization of the iron iron (Fe2+) appears to have been confirmed with this test.    This growth was perceptible within approximately two days time.  Ferrous sulfate is  soluble in both water and alcohol and will produce ferrous  ions (+2) in this wine medium.  The hypothesis of consumption of the ion has been tested through a series of qualitative iron tests, and the initial results of those tests is also positive.

 

A live examination at HIGH magnification of the developing culture growth (the same growth referred to above)  that is a result of the introduction of the soluble iron compound into the red wine medium.  The growth in all respects is perfectly identical to the chlamydia-like organism that is the subject of intensive study in these reports.  This particular organism appears to be a crucial link in the understanding of the biological disruptions that are characteristic of the “Morgellons” condition.  This video shows the capture of the organism in a live mode for the first time.  It is apparent that the organism is motile.  Magnification approx. 10,000x.  Please allow sufficient time for all videos to load as well as for sufficient bandwidth.

Another view  in a live mode at HIGH magnification of the newly developing cultural growth in direct response to providing a source of ferrous ions within the red wine culture medium.
Magnification approx. 10,000x.

LIVE BLOOD CELL ANALYSIS :

 

A live view of a blood sample that demonstrates the frequent, if not ubiquitous occurrence of the chlamydia-like organism.  This finding has been extensively reported on, and additional information can be found in the paper entitled A Mechanism of Blood Damage from Dec 2009.  In this specific case, the two organisms that appear to be within the central cell may actually be underneath or on the top of the cell as opposed to within it.  These blood cells appear to be of reasonable integrity and at this  time do not demonstrate the breach of the cell wall that commonly occurs in more severe cases.  One of the important findings (please see referenced paper above) is that large numbers of the organism can often be found within the serum of the blood even if the red blood cells themselves remain intact.  It has also been determined that red blood cell integrity can change quickly, i.e., both deteriorate or improve, within a three week period.  It is surmised that the state of the immune system is a critical factor in the changes or progressions that can take place.  Careful observation of this video will reveal the existence of additional live organisms in the blood external to the cells.  Magnification approx. 10,000x.

Another live view of the blood sample.  Careful observation of this video will reveal numerous instances of the chlamydia-like organism external to the cell walls.  Motility is apparent.  Magnification approx. 10,000x.

MORGELLONS : AN ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCE

MORGELLONS :
AN ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCE

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 14 2009

I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.

An environmental source, at least in part, for specific biological organisms that are under scrutiny in association with the so-called “Morgellons” condition, has been identified.   This source is the unusual airborne filament sample that was sent in June of 2000 to the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for identification on behalf of the public welfare.  The United States EPA refused to acknowledge the existence of the sample for a period of one and one-half years, and subsequently returned the sample without identification after a Freedom of Information Act request for accounting was submitted by a third party.  

Upon return in 2001, the EPA stated that it was not the policy of the Agency to “test, or otherwise analyze any unsolicited samples of material or matter.

The mission of the United States Environmental Protection Agency is to “protect human health and the environment.”1

This particular and same sample that was sent to the EPA has been successfully cultured and reproduced, and the culture growth exhibits the identical biological organisms, structure and chemistry of certain biological filaments that are under extensive study in association with the Morgellons condition.  The sample has been held in custody for more than ten years to await opportunities for proper identification.  This particular form of material has been observed, gathered, reported and documented on numerous occasions by independent citizens during the last decade.  The filament samples have been considered by many to be a potential health hazard due to the sustained lack of proper identification and the airborne nature.  Previous documentation of the events surrounding the original requests for identification are available through this site.

An incomplete (or false) report by a private laboratory, at cost, was received shortly after the EPA refusal of identification.  A meeting held to confront and dispute the findings of the private laboratory was abruptly canceled while in process when evidence was presented that contradicted the report using numerous independent methods of observation and analyses.  No further progress in formal analytical or biological identification has been made since that time.

The method of culturing is identical to that which has been developed for certain dental filament samples, and it involves the application of an alkali in solution to the filaments, heat, and subsequently an introduction into a wine medium for growth.  The culture has taken approximately four to six weeks to develop.  This method has been briefly described on numerous occasions with respect to the dental sample analyses, and it will not be repeated here.

The specific cultured structures that have been identified are the chlamydia-like organism, the mycoplasma-like organism (pleomorphic), and the encasing filament structure.  The erthyrocytic form within the EPA culture has not been identified at this time.  The recent set represents three out of four primary forms that continue to be under examination from a multitude of analyses viewpoints.  Erythrocytic forms were identified by an independent medical professional in the original sample that was submitted to the EPA, and that has been reported on in detail within this site during the early part of this decade.

PHOTOGRAPHS:

cultured fiber

digital close up

An example of more mature development within the culture medium.  Comprised of an encasing filament and internal structures of both chlamydia-like (red arrows) and the pleomorphic (ribbon-like) forms.  Magnification approx. 10,000x.

A digital close-up of the chlamydia-like organisms (red arrows) that have developed in solution from the cultured EPA filament sample.  Magnification approx 30,000x.

pleomorphic structures

encasing filament

What appears to be an example of the pleomorphic structure (red arrows)  that is under examination in addition to the chlamydia-like organism.  These two forms appear first in growth at the bottom of the petri dish.  They slowly coalesce into linear formations that eventually form as separating filaments in solution.  Magnification approx. 10,000x.

An example of the encasing filament structure with little internal detail at this particular location.  The general process of culturing is  to subject the EPA filament to an alkali solution (sodium hydroxide) and then heat the solution to the boiling point.  Temperature is maintained at this level just beneath boiling for several minutes.  The resulting solution and remaining  filaments are placed into the wine medium for examination within a petri dish.  The process of culturing here has taken approximately 6 to 8 weeks to reach the stages shown. Magnification approx. 10,000x.

emerging filament

filament 2

A photograph of an emerging filament and surrounding early growth within the wine culture medium.  This culture process has taken approximately 4-6 weeks to reach this stage of development.  The chlamydia-like and pleomorphic structures develop at the bottom of the petri dish and slowly continue to develop until they reach a filamentous form which eventually separates from the bottom of the petri dish.  Magnification approx 300x.

To be continued. The photographs within this are taken while the filaments remain in solution.  An emerging filament structure and surrounding earlier growth stages.  Magnification approx. 300x.

EPA fibrous sample

EPA 2000

The original EPA fibrous sample material, as sent to the EPA in 2000. What might be viewed as a single filament in this photograph at low  magnification is actually comprised of hundreds to thousands of sub-micron fibers.  Please refer to early reports on this site for the original studies on the EPA filament samples.  Magnification approx. 300x.

A larger segment of the original EPA filament sample as sent to the EPA in the year 2000.  Magnification approx. 300x.


Reference:

1. EPA Mission Statement, http://www.epa.gov/epahome/aboutepa.htm#mission

Global Warming Model

A Global Warming Model
Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
Apr 13 2007

global warming model


From a Special Report on April  1, 2007 from CBS 60 Minutes, entitled, The Age of Warming:

“Over the past 50 years, this region, the Antarctica peninsula, the northwestern part and the islands around it
has been going up in temperature about one degree every decade and that makes the region the fastest warming place on earth.
…And it’s not unique. More than 90 percent of the world’s glaciers are retreating….”


A study has been done to examine the role of the aerosol operations with respect to global warming. It has long been proposed1,2,3 that the aerosol operations have the effect of aggravating the heating condition of the planet, and that they show no prospect for cooling the earth as many have claimed. This is in direct contradiction to many of the popular notions that commonly circulate regarding the operations, i.e., that these operations are somehow intended for our benefit, but it is best that their true nature remain undisclosed and closed to fair examination by the public. Whether or not such popular theories are intended to mislead the public is open to question; the facts, however, speak of an opposite end result.  The aerosols are being dispersed into the lower atmosphere, and it can be shown from this fact that they will indeed heat up the lower portion of the atmosphere.  Global warming itself is defined as the heating of the lower atmosphere and earth4. The notion that the aerosols are in some way cooling the planet is contradictory to direct observation and the examinations of physics.  To cool the planet, the intentionally dispersed aerosols would have to be in the upper regions of the atmosphere or in space; readers interested in that conclusion may wish to read more closely the proposals of Edward Teller that are often cited in the claims of supposed mitigation.   It will be found that any claims of aerosols cooling the planet will usually require those materials to be at the upper reaches of the atmosphere to the boundaries of space; aerosols in the lower atmosphere will usually be shown to be heating the planet.  These facts must be considered by any of those individuals that continue to promulgate claims of anonymous and beneficial mitigation in conjunction with the aerosol operations.

The current model examines the effects of deliberately introducing barium particulates into the lower atmosphere, and the subsequent contribution to the global warming problem.  The results are not encouraging.  The results indicate that these particulates, even at rather modest concentration levels, can contribute in a real and significant way to the heating of the lower atmosphere.  The magnitude appears to be quite on par with any of the more popularly discussed contributions, such as carbon dioxide increase and greenhouse gases.  It is recommended that the public be willing to consider some of the more direct, visible and palpable alterations to our planet and atmosphere within the pursuit of the global warming issue,  namely the aerosol operations as they have been imposed upon the public without informed consent for more than 8 years now.

The graph above shows the expected interactions from 3 variables that relate to the global warming issue; these are: aerosol concentration, time and rise in temperature.  On one axis, relatively modest concentrations of barium particulates in the atmosphere are shown.  The magnitudes shown are not at all unreasonable with respect to the numerous analyses that have been made by this researcher in the past, e.g., visibility studies available on this site. As a point of reference, the EPA air quality standard for particulates of less than 2.5 microns in size has been recently lowered5 to 35 ugms (micrograms) per m3 (cubic meter).  It will be seen from the graph, for example,  that even a 10% level of this standard (i.e., 3.5-ugms / m3) can produce a noticeable heating of the lower atmosphere.  As has been stated previously, the candor and accountability of the EPA  is sorely lacking over the past decade, and this agency has failed miserably in its duty to the public to maintain environmental safeguards.  It can no longer be assured or assumed that minimal air quality standards are being honored in any way, and the integrity of the EPA to serve the public interest can no longer be upheld.  It is quite possible, and unfortunately somewhat expected, that enforceable and accountable air quality standards have been sacrificed some time ago with the advent of the aerosol operations.

A second axis on the graph is that of time in years. A point of zero time would be one that assumes no such artificial and increased concentration of barium particulates exists in the lower atmosphere.  The graph is marked in intervals of 5 year periods, from 0 to 50 years.  The time period of 50 years has been chosen only to demonstrate that the effects of these particulates upon heating is of serious and immediate concern; within a matter of decades the effects are pronounced and have measurable global impact.  The variables of aerosol concentration and time can now be considered mutually with the above graph and model.  Presumably, humans have a vested interest in protecting the welfare of the planet beyond the immediate future of a few decades, and the problem would be only more pronounced if a century of time had been presented versus a fifty year period.

The third axis is that of temperature rise presented in degrees of centigrade.  This is the variable that should solicit the greatest concern.  To give an example of usage, a concentration of 5ugms / m3 over an interval as short as 20 years would lead to heating of the lower atmosphere on the order of  0.6 degrees centigrade.  This corresponds to approximately 1 degree of Fahrenheit.  This is found by finding the intersection of 5ugms along the concentration axis with 20 years of elapsed time on the second axis.  This point is then projected horizontally upon the temperature increase axis, where it will be found to intersect at approximately 0.6 degrees.  This is a very real and measurable result in terms of global impact.  Nobel Prize Winner Paul Crutzen, in Atmosphere, Climate and Change6 writes in 1997 that even conservative estimates of global planetary surface temperature change are on the order of  1 to 3 degrees centigrade over a 50 year interval.  This temperature change will produce sea level changes on the order of 10 to 30 centimeters. It is stated, furthermore, that “much of Earth’s population would find it inordinately difficult to adjust to such changes”.

Readers may now notice that the recent CBS special report referred to above demonstrates that the rate of  heating in Antarctica is already approximately 1.5 times greater than the predictions from the 1997 era.

It can be seen from this model that the results of artificial aerosol introduction into the lower atmosphere can be of a magnitude quite on par with the extraordinary impacts projected by even modest and conservative global warming models upon humans in the near future.   As the model presented herein is intended to be reasonably conservative, the impact of the aerosol operations could be much greater than these results show.  It is advised that the citizens consider the viability and merit of this model in the examination of the global warming issue, and that they openly take aggressive action to halt the intentional aerosol operations.

This paper is late in its offering, as my availability for continued research at this level is limited.  I am nevertheless hopeful that the information can be evaluated and assimilated into the many rationales and arguments that have developed over the last decade to cease the intentional alteration of the atmosphere of our planet.

Clifford E Carnicom
April 13, 2007

Additional Notes :  The model can easily be extended to other elements of concern, however, a focus on barium has taken place due to the unique physical properties of that element along with the evidence for its existence at unexpected levels in the atmosphere.The mathematics and physics of the model is presented in a separate paper.

References:

1. CE Carnicom, Drought Inducement, https://carnicominstitute.org/wp/drought-inducement/, April 2002
2. Carnicom, Global Warming and Aerosols, https://carnicominstitute.org/wp/global-warming-aerosols/, Jan 2004
3. Carnicom, Global Warming and Aerosols, Further Discussion, https://carnicominstitute.org/wp/global-warming-aerosols-ii/, Feb 2004
4. Wikipedia, Global Warming, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming
5. EPA,  EPA Strengthens U.S. Air Quality Standards,
http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/a8f952395381d3968525701c005e65b5/92771013f7dda087852571f00067873d!opendocument
6. Crutzen, Paul, Atmosphere, Climate and Change, (Scientific American Library, 1997), p141.

Global Warming Model [Part II]

A Global Warming Model
Part II
Clifford E Carnicom
Santa Fe, NM
Apr 10 2007

The details of the Global Warming Model  are presented on this page.

The model has the following final form:

mathematical global warming model

The model is developed in the following manner: (text form)

The definition of heat capacity is given as1

C = dQ/dT

which states that the heat capacity of a substance is defined as the instantaneous change in the quantity of heat (joules) with respect to an instantaneous change in temperature (degrees Kelvin or centigrade).  The units of C are J / K, or joules per degree Kelvin.

The specific heat capacity is furthermore defined as:2

c = del Q / (m * del T)

where Q is in joules, m is the mass in kilograms (kg) and T is in degrees Kelvin or centigrade, and del is the change operator.

Specific heats are measured values that are commonly available, and they indicate how much energy is required to raise a unit volume of material a unit rise in temperature (centrigrade or Kelvin).

Specific heats can be measured at constant pressure (cp) or constant volume (cv). Specific heats for gases do not vary significantly over large temperature variations3, and they may therefore usually be treated as constants.  A suitable value of cp for air is 1.003 kJ/ kg K4. For solids and liquids, the difference between cp and cv is usually quite small5 and can usually be ignored; values for cp are readily available.

As the definition of specific heat results from a differential form, this paper will focus on the change in a small volume of air, namely 1 cubic meter of air under ideal gas conditions.

The specific heat can be rearranged to:

del T = del Q /  ( m * cp )

this is equivalent to:

del T = ( Watts / m * cp ) * t

where t is time in seconds, and Watts is the incoming energy in joules /second.

The model under consideration examines the above change from a differential standpoint, i.e., what is the effect upon temperature change with respect to an incremental change in input energy for a unit mass of air?  The incremental change in input energy will result from the change in specific heat of a mixture, i.e, air vs. air with aerosolized particulates.  Developing further, our model now has the form:

del (del T) = ( t / m * cp) * del (Watts)

The model will also be permitted to include an efficiency factor (EF), as not all of the energy coming into the system (i.e., solar energy) will be absorbed.  A current estimate for this efficiency factor is set at 50 percent.6

or

del (del T) = ( EF  * t ) / ( m * cp ) * del ( Watts )

The next problem is to determine a value of cp for the modified atmosphere, i.,e. air with aerosolized particulates added to the cubic meter of air under examination.  The specific heat capacity of a mixture is given7 as:

cp(air+aerosol) = sum ( mfi * cpi)

where mfi is the mass fraction of the ith component of mixture, and cpi is the specific heat capacity of the ith component of the mixture.

mfi is defined as mi / m

whre mi is the mass of the ith component and m is the total mass of the mixture.

Let us now refer to:

mair = mass of 1 cubic meter of air in kg

maer = mass of aerosols added to 1 cubic meter of air in kg

cpair = specific heat of air in J /kg  K

cpaer = specific heat of aerosol in J /kg K

cp(air+aerosol) = [mair / (mair + maer) ] * cpair + [maer / (mair + maer)] * cpaer

It can be proposed that del (Watts) can be aequately represented by:

del (Watts ) = [ del (cp) / cpair ] * Average Solar Radiation

and that

del (cp) = cpair – cp(air+aerosol)

or that

del (del T) = [( EF  * t ) / ( mair * cpair )] *  [( cpair – cp(aer+aerosol) ) / cpair] * Average Solar Radiation

or that

del (del T) = [( EF  * t ) / ( mair * cpair )] *  [ cpair –   ( [mair / (mair + maer) ] * cpair + [maer / (mair + maer)] * cpaer  ) / cpair ] * Average Solar Radiation

which is equivalent to the model presented above.

The average incoming solar radiation (insolation) to the earth will be taken as 342 W / m2.8

The mass of air will be taken as 1.2 kg / m3.

The specific heat capacity of barium, cpaer, is .19 J / kg  K.9,10

The specific heat capacity of air, cpair,  is 1.003 J /kg K.

The efficiency factor is selected as .50.

In the model proposed, the mass of the aerosol varies from 0 to 50 ugms (micrograms) per cubic meter, or from 0 to 50E-9kg/ m3.

Time is measured in seconds, and varies from 0 to 50 years (one year = 31536000 seconds).

The model evaluated with respect to variations in time and mass concentration of the aerosol will produce the graphic result of this report.  The final units of the model are in degrees centigrade per m2, which corresponds to the differential element of air chosen as 1 cubic meter.  A more complete partial differential model of change with respect to both del (Watts) and del (cp)  may be pursued in the future if warranted. The model is not intended by any respects to be all inclusive of the global warming issue; it is intended to introduce, in a quantitative sense, the consideration of heating of the lower atmosphere from the artificial introduction of particulates.

References:

1. Walter Benenson, Handbook of Physics, (Springer-Verlag, 2002), 684.
2. Benenson, 687.
3. Merle C. Potter, Thermodynamics for Engineers, (McGraw-Hill, 1983), 55.
4. Potter, 289.
5. Potter, 56.
6. National Snow and Ice Data Center,  University of Colorado, Boulder,  Arctic Climate and Meteorology, http://nsidc.org/arcticmet/factors/radiation.html
7. Potter, 251.
8. Wikipedia, Solar Radiation, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_radiation
9. C.E. Carnicom, Drought Inducement, https://carnicominstitute.org/wp/drought-inducement/
10. David Lide, Editor, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, (CRC Press, 2001-2002), 12-219.