Morgellons : Biofilm Production


Morgellons : Biofilm Production


Clifford E Carnicom
April 24, 2017


The existence of biofilm within the microbial growth characteristic of the “Morgellons” condition has been established with certainty.  A method of reliably extracting the biofilm from the body and testing the biofilm for the principal components has also been developed.  The work here is an extension to earlier work that has been presented.  

Biofilms are a highly effective defensive measure by microorganisms to ensure their survival.  The encasement of the microorganism within a shield of mucus or slime material creates a highly impervious shield to dispersal or elimination of the bacterial or microbial form.  Biofilm removal is generally a costly and difficult process under the best of circumstances; industrial processes (e.g. pipeline efficiencies) and water treatment are two examples of where challenging environments for removal exist.  The existence of biofilms is an especially important topic with respect to human health, and they are commonly associated with chronic conditions that are difficult to ameliorate.  There are some beneficial biofilms within the body, however, many of them contribute to disease by evading the immune system and allowing the proliferation of harmful microbial species within.  According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 80% of all chronic infections are associated with biofilms.



Biolfim sample under examination developed 
from vitamin biochemical extraction techniques. 






Biofilm images under low power microscopic examination (~20x).


The production of the biofilm shown above has been verified to result directly from the growth of the microorganism (CDB) that has been established as the root source of the “Morgellons” condition.   This has been accomplished with the use of culture techniques that are, in turn, based upon the use of the biofilm.  The culture equivalency has been established with the use of visual and physical properties of growth, microscopic observation, and visible and near infrared spectrometry.  In addition, a sensitive test method for nitrite detection and concentration has been developed, and it has been applied to the cultures with success.  Blood, urine, body fluids, and solutions in general can now be tested for nitrite concentrations. The existence of nitrites in this specific microbial growth has now been established as one of several significant markers of the existence of the microorganism.  

In addition, the composition of the materials as biofilm has been confirmed by chemical analysis, in addition to the visual and physical properties.  The biofilm is known to be composed of both polysaccharides and amines; these are each hallmark components of biofilm composition.  

In the course of this work, additional sensitive colorimetric tests have been developed to test for protein existence and concentration; these methods exceed the sensitivity of the Biuret reagent method by roughly one order of magnitude.   These methods may also be applied to body fluids and other solutions in general.  The colorimetric tests that have been developed are of high value in enhancing general laboratory procedures that are commonly in use and need.



Visible light spectrometry techniques applied to 
the analysis of the biofilm composition.


The existence of biofilm with a direct connection to the Morgellons condition exists as one of the most important health issues to recognize and contend with.  As mentioned above, biofilms are commonly associated with chronic health conditions and pathology and their removal or reduction presents special and complex challenges.  The methods and discoveries of this paper yield a pathway toward the mitigation of the some of the symptoms and effects that are known to accompany biofilm production within the body.

Clifford E Carnicom
(born Clifford Bruce Stewart, born Jan 19 1953)


Morgellons : A Supplemental Discussion


Morgellons : A Supplemental Discussion

Clifford E Carnicom
Jan 21 2017
Edited Mar 08 2017

Note: Carnicom Institute is not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. CI is acting solely as an independent research entity that is providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.  Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes.


This paper will bring forth a series of additional health related suggestions and topics for further research with respect to the “Morgellons” condition.  The emphasis will be upon specific nutritional or therapeutic supplements that may be worthy of additional study and investigation by the health communities and professions, and how these may relate to the symptoms expressed within the condition.  It is important to mention that each of the items or topics mentioned results directly or indirectly from the laboratory research that has taken place at the Institute over a period of several years.  The details of that research will be too complex to elaborate on here, but the nutritional and supplement topics will at least be brought forth to the public for investigation and discussion.

There are three prerequisites for engaging further with the content of this paper:

The first is to be familiar with correspondence that has been delivered to a variety of individuals that have contacted the Institute over a period of several years on the Morgellons issue.  This correspondence follows immediately below.

Greetings from CI,Thank you for writing to Carnicom Institute about your health situation.

Stage I of the Morgellons Research Project, the online health survey, is now complete.  A vast storehouse of information for health professionals is now availableBase results are posted on the website.  In addition, CI has taken the initial steps in developing a public platform to network health practitioners and the public. To learn more about the Community Health Professional Network,


We recommend that you visit our website and read Clifford’s papers relevant to the Morgellons condition. Carnicom Institute cannot give out medical advice, but there is much to be gleaned from the research that may be of benefit. With this in mind, here are some suggested research papers to study:

Numbers 14, 15 and 17 on this paper (Morgellons : A Thesis) – especially No. 17.

Also study anything you see related to iron and amino acids, for example: Amino Acids Verified
(The first paragraph may be helpful to study.)

Please find and review”Carol’s Smoothie” on the Media Resources Page, and the external link with a focus on nutrition; proper nutrition has a direct relationship to the research that has been presented.

We have a search box on the site at the top of the research listing at:

Search for anything written related to iron, protein, amino acids, glutathione, NAC, antioxidants, vitamins a, b, c, d,e, across the board, enzymes, gelatin, oxidation of the body (smoking would seem to be a serious and undesirable complication of matters), collagen, liver, and detox. Reading about them could offer insights into their role in maintaining health.

Listen to Mark Kilcoyne’s webinar with Mr. Carnicom.

Please see the recent paper (Morgellons : A Working Hypothesis) particularly the third section on mitigating strategies. Pay special attention the thyroid, metabolism, and halogen substitution on the thyroid and iodine are discussed.

We recommend that you watch Clifford’s youtube videos with the late Dr. Gwen Scott, naturopathic doctor.  She refers to several treatments that may be helpful.  There is also a paper from her on our site in the research papers section presents a series of suggestions on the subject.

Although there have been several important discoveries in recent months, the recommendations here represent a substantial body of research that may be of benefit.

Carnicom Institute


[2] The second is to be familiar with ALL of the health related research of Carnicom Institute as it has been presented on this site.

[3] The third requirement is to be familiar with and knowledgeable of the results of the Carnicom Institute Morgellons Symptom Survey results.  This database contains information from approximately 1000 participants from across the globe over a one year period, and it is readily available (including a summary report) on this site.  It will be of continuing interest to correlate the results of that survey with research conducted by Carnicom Institute and others, as well as with the activity that manifests within the CI Community Health Professional Network (CHPN).


(Summary Report)

(18 Sections)



Only with these three requirements being met can the information that follows be understood in its proper context.  Mention of any supplement does not mean that one automatically begins just ‘taking a supplement’.  The reason that the health disciplines and the health professionals (including, I might add, the nutritionists) exist is so that we can learn from them and that we can be helped.  Too little information and understanding can often be as damaging as total ignorance, as difficult as that may be to realize at times. As I have mentioned, it is not appropriate to expect any ‘silver bullets’ from Carnicom Institute with respect to health discussions; the issues are complex and they can pose additional risks if they are oversimplified.  The Carnicom Institute Community Health Professional Network (CHPN) has been established as an offering for a reason; it is to stimulate the professional discussion which must now take place. It is the purpose here to raise topics and questions that deserve study; it is not to establish premature conclusions on issues that are only slowly coming to light.

That being said, with all of the caveats and prerequisites made clear, let us compile a list.  If an items exists on the list, it means that an interest in the topic or subject evolved from various avenues and methods of research over a period of recent years.  It also may well have some bearing on the health implications and impacts from the Morgellons condition; time and proper study will eventually resolve that case.  “Taking” a particular supplement is not the business at hand here, but the role of that particular supplement with respect to human health and nutrition is.  Again, as always, each individual is responsible for consulting the health professional or consultant of their choice to reach decisions about their own particular situation and needs.  Carnicom Institute is not in that business, but there is tremendous interest here in the role that these supplements assume in human health, both to deficiency and excess for that matter.  The role of the nutritionist will become increasingly important as the proper studies take place; this list is simply an offering on the table of particulars that may have a disproportionate influence or bearing on the Morgellons condition, in particular.  This is all in addition to the prerequisites stated above,  and this combined pool of analysis should provide some suitable fodder for developing strategies in the future.

Therefore, the supplemental, “Supplement” List:

[1] Any of the supplements that are known to improve bone, joint, and cartilage functions.  This includes supplements such as glucosamine, MSM, hyaluronic acid, collagen, gelatin, and the like.

[2] Supplements which improve skin, nail and hair functions, such as biotin and collagen.

[3] The immensely important role of antioxidants and their precursors (e.g., vitamin C, NAC, alpha lipoic acid, glutathione, etc.) will not be repeated in depth here, but it will be mentioned.  It will be remiss to neglect the extensive discussions on this topic that have taken place.

[4] The role and importance of the B vitamins in human health.  There are particular interests in B-2 and B-12 that are at the investigative level.  Neural aberrations are also a topic of study here.  There are variations in the composition of B-2 vitamins as they are commonly sold, and the issues of bioavailability and cyanide complexes also become important here.

[5] The role of enzymes with respect to essentially every biochemical reaction that takes place.  The decline in enzyme production as it relates to aging is also a highly worthy topic.  Examples here include betaine hydrochloride, pancreatin, amylase, protease and bromelain.

[6] The importance of probiotics, such as Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria, in the digestive process, and also the decrease in effectiveness of digestion as it relates to aging.

[7] The benefits from the natural Omega-3 fatty acids can include, as a partial listing,  triglyceride fat reduction (e.g., blood, liver), reduction of stress, anxiety and depression, lowering pain from arthritis, and joint pain, brain and cognitive function, and alleviation of some skin conditions. Additional benefits are stated as well, such as benefits to vision and lowering the risk of heart disease. There are some important chemical differences between some synthetically produced and natural fish oils; it is prudent to be aware of these differences as they did come to light within the research processes.

[8] Coenzyme Q-10 and its role with respect to cognitive, neural and brain function.

[9] Calcium D-Glucarate, and the role that it may have with the reduction or removal of polymer and/or plastic toxins within the body.  This form of toxicity is also of broad based environmental concern with respect to health, and it presents especial difficulties with regard to lever toxicity.  BPA toxicity is also a related topic here.  Enlarged livers and increased adipose tissue appear to be prevalent within modern society. Removal of such compounds from the body is especially difficult, and it would seem to be an area of research in great need.

[10] The role of phosphorus and the effects from its deficiency in the body is an interesting topic of research.  The primary question that arises here is that deficiency is not normally supposed to occur; any normal diet is apparently sufficient to alleviate this concern.  The symptoms of deficiency are, however, of great interest here, especially as they relate to bones, teeth and neural functions.   There are important interactions and relationships between calcium and phosphorus absorption. There is interference to phosphorus absorption in the human body from certain aluminum compounds.  It is also fair to mention here that phosphorus is highly important to bacterial cell membrane structure (phospholipids) as well as DNA production.

[11] The role of the citrate ion is an intriguing and additional topic of research with respect to microbial metabolism.  Citrate ion complexes are commonly available in various forms, such as those joined with either sodium, potassium and magnesium, for example.   The solubility of various citrate complexes, in both water and with pH variability, is to be considered.   The balances and risks of both excess and deficiencies of these various electrolytes and ions in the body is a serious topic of medical and health science, and they are not to be ignored within this research.

[12] Aromatic therapies may also play an important role in our study of this condition.  There are certainly a host of respiratory symptoms that have made themselves known in association with Morgellons.  This is a broad field of study to pursue, along with all the potential health benefits from the essential oils (and the 6000 year history, chemistry and science that accompanies it).  A simple and immediate interest exists with the use of tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) for potential therapeutic purposes.  All essential oils have potential relevance to this topic of health research.

[13] Valerian root is well known to have potential benefits with respect to anxiety, blood pressure, sleep issues, and stress management.  This natural sedative may be of additional benefit in the research that lies before us.

[14] The role of vitamins in general, and their known role as antioxidants.

[15] The existence of nitrites in urine samples represents another potential topic of investigation and research; only preliminary indications of interest exist here.  Should this topic develop further, the role of cranberries and cranberry supplements with respect to urinary tract investigations (UTI) will be examined.  Various potential urinary markers are a current topic of interest.   The relationships between nitrite existence, the oxidation of iron from the ferrous to the ferric state, methemoglobin and carbon monoxide toxicity are to explored further (via Harrison’s Internal Medicine, 16th edition, pp. 598-600).  The studies on the alteration of iron states in connection with the Morgellons condition have been extensively discussed on this site, and the connections mentioned above are deserving of special attention in the research.

[16] Electrolyte balances are to be maintained.  Electrolytes are at the core of current flow within the human body and they are required in balance for proper cell functioning.

[17]  There is interest as to whether the lymphatic system will serve as an additional symptom marker for the detection of inflammation caused by the microbial source of Morgellons.  The lymphatic system serves three primary roles: a) the filtration of harmful microorganisms, b) the absorption and transport of fats and lipids and c)the drainage of excess fluids from the body tissues.  Overloading of the lymphatic system is expected to produce observable symptoms that are consistent with microbial infections and lipid excess and imbalance.  The high prevalence of enlarged livers and excess fatty tissue within the liver may well relate here.

[18]  It can also be mentioned that the well known reference book, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, Phyllis Blanch CNC, contains an important section on immune system support.  The list of supplements mentioned therein is undoubtedly of potential benefit as well within this discussion.  The book is deserving of a general recommendation as well, as it represents a wealth of valuable health information.

[19] It is to be understood that toxicity can occur from any supplements or food consumed in inappropriate amounts; each individual is responsible for seeking counsel from the health practitioner of their choice.

[20] I anticipate easily up to a couple of dozen physical symptom, biochemical, and microbial markers of the Morgellons condition to be evident and apparent as the work in place is properly reviewed, evaluated, and utilized.


The list above is not intended to be complete or dogmatic; it never can be as human health is far too complex for such presumptions.  In addition to the prerequisites stated, however, hopefully it can provide some leads of investigation and research for the future.  All mentions above are of an investigative nature, however, and each of them has some basis of scientific study over a period of many years within Carnicom Institute.  Please attend to all caveats, seek the the involvement of the professional health community, and may we all move forward and work together to improve our future health and humanity.


Clifford E Carnicom

Born Clifford Bruce Stewart, Jan 19 1953.


Preview Chapter – Hacking the Skies

On the 40th Anniversary of the Movie “Network”,
Presenting a Book Preview & Chapter Download from:

Hacking the Skies – The Geoengineers
and Their Media Gatekeepers

by Hudson Ynez

 Free PDF Download of the Chapter
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and also:
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A portion of the proceeds from sales of the book will be donated to Carnicom Institute)


The Magnitude of Morgellons


The Magnitude of Morgellons

Clifford E Carnicom
Dec 06 2016

Note: Carnicom Institute is not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. CI is acting solely as an independent research entity that is providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.  Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes.

It must now be accepted by the global community that the “Morgellons” condition exists as a verifiable pathological condition. An objective online extensive health survey conducted by Carnicom Institute during this past year involving approximately 1000 participants, with significant international representation, substantiates this claim.  The survey clearly reveals and establishes that the health effects from the Morgellons condition are commensurate and on par with the global influences of such widespread conditions as Lyme’s disease and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.   The demographics of the survey demonstrate a reasonably broad and representative segment of the population.  The symptoms are unique, real, physical, complex, and verifiable. Any measures or campaign to portray the situation as other than above are disingenuous and they are not confronting of the facts or extensive evidence on record.   It will be to the benefit of society when such realities are accepted in good order, and the measures taken to reduce or eliminate the unnecessary suffering that is in place.

A high-level summary of primary symptoms tabulated within the survey is available as follows:

Morgellons Research Project : Phase I
Primary Symptom Survey Results

A more detailed presentation of the survey results is available as follows:

Morgellons Research Project : Phase I
Symptom Survey Results 

The summary presentations above represent only a segment of information collected under the auspices of the survey.  Those health  practitioners and researchers interested in furthering the understanding and education of the Morgellons conditions are invited to apply to participate in the Carnicom Institute Community Health Professional Network (CHPN) available at the following location:

Carnicom Institute Morgellons Research Project : Phase II

Community Health Professional Network (CHPN)


Morgellons Research Project : Primary Symptom Survey Results


Morgellons Research Project : Phase I

Primary Symptom Survey Results

Clifford E Carnicom
Nov 05 2016

Note: Carnicom Institute is not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. CI is acting solely as an independent research entity that is providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.  Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes.


To access the survey results in their entirety, please visit the the following page:


To apply for or visit Phase II of the Carnicom Institute Morgellons Research Project, please visit the following page:


The following list comprises the top 20th percentile of symptoms that have been compiled in Phase I of the Carnicom Institute Morgellons Research Project survey that has recently completed.  The online survey operated on this site for approximately one year and includes the results of approximately 1000 individuals.  Both short and long version survey results were collected.  The information below is a high level summary and it represents only a small portion of the data that is available via the Institute.


(Top 20th Percentile):

1. Materials or substances emerging from skin

2. Open and/or slow healing lesions

3. Rashes or other skin conditions

4. Itchy scalp

5. Change in the quality of vision (e.g., blurry or fatigued)

6. Unusual & chronic ringing in the ears

7. Unusual dental conditions

8. FATIGUE (6 overlapping sections of survey)

9. Shortness of breath, persistent or excess mucus or sputum

10. Stiffness in joints

11. Constipation, bloating, unusual weight gain

12. Anxiety, nervousness, irritability

13. Headaches, dry eyes & mouth

14. Forget events

15. Reliance on external memory aids (calendar, notes)

16. Loss of train of thought or flow of thread of conversations

17. Difficulty diagnosing, identifiying or explaining the illness

18. Skin problems

19. Associated conditions (diagnosed or examined) :

     a. Lyme’s Disease

     b. Chronic Fatigue

     c. Herpes


Carpinteria Crystal


Carpinteria Crystal

Clifford E Carnicom
Sep 25 2016

An environmental crystal sample sent to Carnicom Institute from a concerned citizen has been analyzed as to its nature.  The ground sample was received three years ago and it has been held in custody since that time.  Circumstances are now more favorable toward establishing the identity or nature of inorganic compounds, and thus the opportunity to do so in this case has been exercised.  The sample originates from the Santa Barbara – Carpinteria region of the country.  The sample is well documented, clean, and has been collected and transported in a careful fashion.

One of the reasons for the interest in the sample is a repetition of events.  The citizen reports that similar appearing materials  have occurred within the same coastal housing district on multiple occasions over a period of many years.  In addition, the findings of this study may have relevance to a paper presented earlier on this site.  The interest in devoting time to sample analysis is directly related to the the frequency and pattern of appearance.

There are also several occasions of crystal samples collected or received over the years that have not received proper attention due to insufficient resources and means for investigation.  The majority of these cases, to my recollection, resulted from air filtration systems.  These deficiencies have likely delayed our understanding of various forms of pollution that likely surround us, and this will remain the case until full and sufficient resources are devoted to these types of problems.  It is the opinion of this researcher that the regulating environmental protections agencies have an obligation to this end and that it has not been well served.

This particular sample has the following appearance:


Environmental Crystal Sample Material Received in 2013


The purpose of this paper is not to debate the origin or delivery method of the sample; the information available is insufficient to fully detail those answers.  It can be stated in fairness that the observer witnessed heavy aerosol  operations over the region in the early hours of the day of collection of the sample.  The density and activity level of the operations was stated to be high.

The purpose of this paper IS to call attention to what may be a repeating type of material that has potentially important environmental consequences, particularly if they are found to exist in aerosol or particulate form within the general atmosphere.  The sample type is also fully consistent with many of the analyses and postulates that have developed within the research over the years.  The specifics of that discussion will follow within this paper.

The sample has been evaluated using multiple approaches.  These include, but are not limited to:

  1. Electrochemistry techniques, specifically differential normal pulse voltammetry.
  2. Solubility analyses
  3. Melting point determination
  4. Density estimates
  5. Microscopic crystal analysis
  6. Qualitative reagent tests
  7. Conductivity measurements
  8. Index of refraction measurements

The results of these analyses indicate that the dominant component of the material is that of potassium chloride, a metallic salt form.  There are indications that the sample does contain more than one component, but any further investigation will have to take place at a later time.   Every physical and chemical form has implications, applications and consequences, especially if they occur in a manner foreign or unexplained to the environment.  The material shown above is of no exception to those concerns.  It may be the case that the appearance of this material in an unexplained manner and location is of no consequence; prudence, however, would suggest that we are obligated to seek out that which has no accountable explanation.  This premise is at the very heart of any forensic investigation, and environmental science and pollution control are also subject to that very same demand.



A brief bit of historical perspective on this topic could be helpful.  A search on this site on the subject of crystals will bring up a minimum of eight additional papers that are relevant; there are likely to be more.  These papers range in date from 2001 to the current date, so from this standpoint alone there is a repeating issue involved here.

A search on this site for historical presentation on potassium issues produces at least three papers on the subject.  There is reason to consider, therefore, that potassium (and related) chemical compounds may be worthy of examination with respect to geoengineering as well as biological issues.

Within this combined set of close to a dozen or more papers on the subjects, two will be mentioned further at this time.

The first will be that of another sample, also of a crystalline nature, received in 2003 from the same specific region of the country.  The title of that short report is “Additional Crystal Under Examination” (Jun 2003).  There are three points of interest in comparison between that and the current report:

1. Two generally similar and unaccountable sample forms appear in similar locations over a 10 year period, and a public interest in identification of the nature of the material remains over this same prolonged period.

2. The report in 2003 is reasonably brief with a limited microscopic examination offered.  The topic is mentioned more in the sense of an anomaly and a curiosity as there is no basis at the time for an in depth study of the materials; in addition, resources to do so at the time are non-existent.

3. The third will be the comment regarding the lack of water solubility of the first sample.  The importance of this observation will be the fact that the samples, although visually similar, have important differing chemical properties.  The conclusion is that multiple material types are expected to be subject to investigation over the course of time.

The second will be that of a laboratory report received in the year of  2005.  The title of that paper is “Calcium and Potassium” (Mar. 2005).  The importance and relevance of this paper can be understood from the opening paragraph:

A laboratory analysis of a rainwater sample from a rural location in the midwestern U.S. has been received.  This lab report reveals extremely high levels of potassium and calcium within the sample. Comparative studies have been done and they show that the calcium concentration is a minimum of 5 times greater, and that the potassium level is a minimum of 15 times greater than that which has been reported1 in the polluted skies of Los Angeles, California.

It will also be noticed that several health and environmental concerns with respect to aerosolized potassium salts are enumerated in that latter paper.  Attention should also be paid to the intriguing discussion of electromagnetic effects and impacts that must be considered with the chemistry of potassium and related ions.

Potassium chloride has common uses as well, such as a fertilizer or as a water treatment compound; there is, however, no cause given to think that it is being used in such fashions at this location and setting at this time.



Let us now bring ourselves back to the current moment.  The relevance and direction of those papers have borne themselves out over time, and the urgency of responsibility upon us is as imposing as ever.  We do not have the luxury of another 20 years to conclude on such an obvious state of affairs.

There are at least three immediate applications or consequences of the existence of aerosolized potassium chloride upon the atmosphere that should be mentioned.

1. Heat Impacts

2. Moisture Impacts

3. Electromagnetic Impacts

With respect to heat impact, potassium chloride is highly soluble within water.  When it does dissolve, it absorbs heat from the water, and the magnitude is significant.  Potassium chloride has actually been used as a cold pack commercially for this same reason; it is also readily available and relatively inexpensive.  It therefore can potentially be used to influence atmospheric thermodynamics, and this is one of many leads of investigation to pursue.

On the flip side of the equation, potassium chloride in a solid state has a rather low specific heat, especially relative to that of both air and water.  This means that, depending upon the state of the surrounding atmosphere, that it can also possess the capability to heat the atmosphere, rather than to cool it.

Furthermore, potassium as a metal in its elemental form also has a lower specific heat than air and once again this may allow for a net heating impact upon the atmosphere, depending on states of being, location and interaction with other elements or compounds.

The point of this discussion is that metallic salts of any kind DO have an impact upon the heating dynamics of the atmosphere, and that this process can be both complicated and variable.  You cannot place anything into the atmosphere without having an effect in some fashion, and it is a mistake to oversimplify and overgeneralize as to what those changes will be.  The location of placement of aerosols is another matter also, as has been discussed extensively on this site.

We are, therefore, not permitted to remain ignorant of the impacts that foreign and contaminating materials have upon the environment; heat dynamics are only one of many aspects of that we are forced to confront when the atmosphere is altered in ANY significant fashion.

There are, of course, many other environmental consequences from the addition of ionizable metallic salts into the environment.  These include plant life and agriculture, for example.  Readers may also wish to become familiar with a discussion regarding soil impacts as presented within the paper “The Salts of Our Soils” (May 2005).

As far as moisture is concerned, heat and moisture are obviously very closely related subjects.  One of the trademarks of the salt genre is that of absorbing moisture.  Some salts attract moisture so strongly that they are hygroscopic, meaning that they can draw moisture from the ambient atmosphere.  The observation of this phenomenon is quite remarkable; one can start with a solid and watch it change to an eventual liquid form.  Calcium chloride and strontium chloride are both good examples of this class of materials.

Locking moisture up in this fashion will most certainly increase the heat in the atmosphere; water is one of the greatest cooling compounds that exists on the planet.  It is impossible to separate heat and moisture impacts when dealing with aerosolized metallic salts; it is certain that there will be an impact upon the atmosphere,  environment and health.  It is difficult to predict a favorable outcome here.

Lastly, there may still be some that will ridicule the notion of electromagnetic impacts of ionized metallic salts upon the atmosphere and the environment.  I think such an approach might ultimately be foolhardy.  This tenet was brought forth early in the research of this organization, and the premise remains as strong as when it is originated.  For those that care to repeat the enterprise, there are measurements to support the hypothesis, and they only continue to accumulate.

For those that seek conventional sources, one need look no further than a document that traces back to the 1990’s, entitled “Modeling of Positively Charged Aerosols in the Polar Summer Mesopause Region” (Rapp, Earth Planets Space 1999).  A very specific reference of the ability of potassium in combination with ultraviolet light to increase the electron density of the atmosphere will be found there.  There are other elements that share in this remarkable physical property, and they have been discussed within this site for many years now.  Reading the patents by Bernard Eastlund may also be insightful.  The ability of moisture to ionize many metallic salts is also to be included within the examinations that are required to take place.

It is difficult to ignore and discount the fundamental heat, moisture, and electromagnetic impacts upon the planet when metallic salts are artificially introduced into the atmosphere.  It would not be wise to do so.  The case for investigation, accountability and redress is now strong, and each of us can make the choice as to how to best proceed.  It seems to be a simple matter to want to protect and ensure the welfare of our gifted home, as our existence depends upon it.  Clarity and unity of purpose would seem to be an end goal here; I hope that each of us will seek it.

Regardless of the origin of this particular sample (which is unlikely to ever be known exactly), this report points to the requirement of identifying repetitive and unknown contaminants in the environment.  The responsibility for this process does not fall either primarily or exclusively upon the citizens; this population has neither the resources or means to perform or satisfy the requirements of identification, evaluation and assessment.  Entrusted agencies that exist specifically for protection of the welfare of the common environment (e.g., air, water, soil) and that are funded by these same citizens ARE required to do so.  In this vein, I will once again repeat the closing statement from above:

Clarity and unity of purpose would seem to be an end goal here; I hope that each of us will seek it.


Clifford E Carnicom

Sep 25 2016


Supplemental Discussion:

Approximately a dozen methods of investigation have been used to reach the conclusions of this report.  These will now be described to a modest level of detail to assist in portraying the complexities of analyzing unknown environmental samples.  This description will further the argument that the citizenry is not realistically expected to assume this burden and cost; contamination and pollution are at the heart of existence for publicly funded environmental protection agencies and entities.  It is recommended that the public seek the level of accountability that is required to reduce and eliminate persistent and harmful pollution and the contamination of our common environment.

1. Voltammetry:

The methods of differential pulse voltammetry have been applied to the sample.  The methods are quite useful in the detection of inorganics, especially metals and trace metal concentrations.  The results of the analysis are shown below:


Differential Normal Pulse Voltammetry Analysis of Crystal Sample

The analysis indicates a minimum of two chemical species to consider.  The first of these is a suspected Group I or Group II element (-2.87V).  The most probable candidates to consider will be that of calcium, strontium, barium and potassium.  The other will be the consideration of  the chloride ion ( +0.63V and +1.23V).

At this point of the investigation, our strongest prospect will therefore be an ionic metallic salt crystalline form, most likely involving a subset of Group I or II of the periodic table.  The most likely candidate will, furthermore, be a chloride form of the salt.

2. We can then proceed to solubility tests.  Four candidates from above will now be considered, along with two additional candidates resulting from the chloride prospects:

calcium chloride
strontium chloride
barium chloride
potassium chloride

lithium chloride
cesium chloride

With respect to the first set of four, the solubility tests applied (i.e., water, methanol, acetone, sodium bicarbonate, acid, base) eliminate all but potassium chloride for further examination.

This reduces the primary set of consideration to that of:

potassium chloride
lithium chloride
cesium chloride

We now attempt to confirm the existence of the chloride ion in a redundant fashion.  A qualitative chemical test (HCl, AgNO3) is then applied to the sample in aqueous solution.  The existence of the chloride ion is confirmed.  The set of three candidates remains in place.

The next method applied to the sample is the determination of the melting point of the presumed ionic crystal form.  Ionic metallic salts have generally high melting points and this does present some difficulties with the use of conventional equipment and means.

The methods of calorimetry were adapted to solve this particular problem.  The methods were also applied to a control sample of potassium chloride, as well as two additional control compounds.  The results of the control and calibration trials produced results within the range of expected error (~ < 5%).

The melting point of the crystal form was determined experimentally by the above methods as approximately 780 deg. C.  The melting point of potassium chloride is 770 deg. C.  This result is well within the range of expected experimental error (1.4%).  During the process, it was noticed that an additional minority compound does exist within the sample, as a small portion of the sample does melt at a much lower point (est. 300-400 deg. C.) The minority compound would require separation and identification in a further analysis.

The melting points of lithium chloride and cesium chloride are 605 deg. C. and 645 deg. C., respectively, and they are thus eliminated from further consideration.

These results narrow the list of candidates specifically to that of potassium chloride.

An additional controlled test of conductivity of the salt in solution was applied.   The result of that test indicates agreement in conductivity with a known concentration solution of potassium chloride.  The error in that case was also well within the expected range of experimental error (0.6%).

In addition, further tests involving density determination, index of refraction, visual and microscopic crystal analysis further substantiate the identification of the crystal as being primarily that of potassium chloride.


A Response to the University of California and the Carnegie Institute


A Response to the University of California and the Carnegie Institute

Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 22 2016

Preliminary Note:  A journalist of professional standing recently contacted Carnicom Institute requesting comments with respect to a recently published paper by the University of California.  The paper claims to issue an authoritative edict as a denial of geoengineering activities that are now actively practiced and that are detrimental to the global environment.  The following comments were provided to that journalist and they are made available to the public as follows:


The body of scientific work on geoengineering and bioengineering issues by Carnicom Institute spans close to twenty years.  The library of work, approximately 350 original research papers, encompasses a variety of scientific disciplines.  The methods and results, essentially with no exception, are reproducible and adhere to scientific protocols.  This evidence (not survey) based work is available for your review at:

(by category):


In addition, documentary summaries are available at:

(2005 full-version):

(2011 abbreviated version):

The remainder of this response will be necessarily brief: we can pursue further discussion later, should you choose.

Specifically, in reference to the UC “peer-review study” and the presentation on the UC website, I will make the following comments at this time:

  1. The paper in no way represents honest scientific work. This is a shining example of modern “science with an agenda” as opposed to truthful scientific pursuit. The paper is characterized more accurately as an exercise in social engineering versus fulfilling the requirements of the scientific method.
  1. The emphasis upon the act of “debunking,” in itself, is a prelude to a biased investigation. The term implies a strong association with an attempt to disprove, discredit, and refute claims without fulfilling the obligations to conduct the actual research that is required to answer a question or to solve a problem.
  1. The creation of the acronym “SLAP” at the onset is an obvious ruse and manipulative ploy to steer public perception toward ridicule. The term has not existed in the history of the issues and it was created specifically for the purpose above. It is an example of the many clever and subtle machinations to affect public psychology under the purported guise of professional presentation and credentials. It is a cheap ruse.
  1. It is understood that most individuals will never read the actual paper at the “core” of the study. I hope that you may choose to devote some time to this effort, as well as gain some familiarity with the body of Carnicom Institute research listed above. The UC paper can, of course, be dissected to infinity; however, I will make a few individual references to exemplify pertinent topics for discussion.

Let us begin with what appears to be the motive for the study; it speaks more strongly of the desire to influence public behavior than it does to seek observational and evidence-based data to substantiate the scientific method.

“Meanwhile, a growing number of studies have shown that quantifying and communicating the scientific consensus on contested issues such as vaccine safety and climate change can help lower public misperceptions and uncertainty(Myers et al 2015, vander Linden et al 2015, van der Linden et al 2015).

Here, therefore, we report the results of an expert survey in which we asked experts on atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric deposition to scientifically evaluate the claims of SLAP theorists.”

The first assumption implicit within this statement is that for some “unknown” reason, the public is in a state of “misperception” and “uncertainty.” Why would such an assumption need to exist for the scientific method to proceed?  This type of bias is a discredit to the acumen of the public.  Even casual research will reveal that the concern by the public regarding the geoengineering issue is now elevated to a global level.  By what right and upon what basis must we start our endeavor by assuming that this global population is ill-informed?

Notice the phrase “Here, therefore, we report the results of an expert survey….”  This phrase continues the mis-advised logic from above and it states the true motive for the project.  It is to “correct” the misguided ways of the global public in their “growing public distrust of elites and social institutions.”

The project is flawed from the beginning. It does not embody or represent the scientific method; it is not based upon direct observation, direct collection of evidence, the testing of hypothesis, and the fair and honest assessment of bonafide data to reach accurate and truthful conclusions.  None of the work or research in the paper is original.  This so-called “peer-review study” is an orchestrated and manipulative social engineering project; it is not science.

  1. If you continue to examine the processes adopted within the survey (an incomplete approach, at best, to a phenomenon of global proportions), you will see the frequent repetition of the words “thought” and “likely” (NOT observation, NOT evidence) by the claimed experts. No participant offers any objective data or pursuit of resolution to eliminate this ambiguous response. A more fair and thorough response to many of the questions posed would be: What steps are being taken to acquire the data to eliminate the ambiguity? What data do I need? Who is responsible for providing the data? How is the data audited? The peer-review process itself is now flawed and it does not assimilate independently (i.e. “citizen science”) acquired data, contributions, and reviews into science as it is now claimed to exist.
  1. We have an additional curiosity taking place. It will be noticed on multiple occasions that unexplainable data results were apparent to the participants. Subsequently, a generally uniform response of rejection was avowed. The thought process of rejection is not adequately explained and the dismissal is substituted with an ambiguous call for “more data.”

Where is the cry and demand for the data? Not a trailing and vague ending to the most critical questions at hand, but real data, impartial data, independent data, accountable data.  The lack of accountability on this global environmental issue is preposterous.

  1. There are, with no doubt, weaknesses and flaws that exist in the quality and standards of control for citizen collected samples. More importantly, we should be asking the question as to why citizens are in such a position to begin with. Maybe it is because of the inadequacy of the regulatory agencies to fulfill their own responsibilities for environment protection.
  1. There are many technical issues that can also be discussed within this paper. These issues are subject to serious evaluation and debate in comparison to how they have been cited as authoritative references. One example of this includes the elaborate discussion of a mixed “contrail-cirrus” mathematical model. The very basis of the model itself is open to contentious discussion. This and other topics can be discussed further by those with interest.
  1. For now, let me end this brief examination with attention to a closing phrase of the paper.

“We therefore offer the first peer-reviewed expert response on SLAP data.” … “The evidence as evaluated here does not point to a ….”

What a perfectly loaded and crafted phrase.  It is everything that the social engineers need to achieve their goals of manipulating and affecting public perception. Sarcasm aside, it is even more impressive because it is the “first.” This statement is a masterful conclusion of an incomplete and questionable process that avoids the hard-hitting realities and confrontations that come forth from TRUE science. Finally, I would claim that this paper does not present evidence; it present a series of ambiguous and incomplete responses to the reasonable demands from an alert and aware global population that is truly and genuinely concerned about our environment.

This is only a partial response to a purported accredited and authoritative study.  My hope is that readers will pursue honesty and thoroughness in these affairs and that they will be guided by their moral conscience toward truth.


Additional Notes:

1. Having attended the University of California at the onset of my higher education pursuits approximately 45 years ago, I must say that I am embarrassed and sorry for the state of education as it now exists in this country.  What was once considered to be an honor and privilege of attendance must now be accepted with a level of disgrace to the nobler goals that were once served.  I encourage each member of that institution, student, faculty and administrator, to reclaim the powers and benefits that come forth from comprehensive investigation and critical thinking to reach honest conclusions and assessments of the state of our world.

2. As of this date, the journalist referred to has not acknowledged receipt of the comments above.  This statement will be revised as circumstances warrant.


Morgellons & Carbon Monoxide


Morgellons & Carbon Monoxide

Clifford E Carnicom
Aug 14 2016
(To Be Continued)

Note: I am not offering any medical advice or diagnosis with the presentation of this information. I am acting solely as an independent researcher providing the results of extended observation and analysis of unusual biological conditions that are evident.  Each individual must work with their own health professional to establish any appropriate course of action and any health related comments in this paper are solely for informational purposes and they are from my own perspective.

Methods have been developed that confirm the existence of carbon monoxide gas production by the microorganism identified as a source of the “Morgellons” condition.  The existence of this gas as a repeatable and identifiable phenomenon from the metabolism of the microorganism poses a host of serious health implications to consider.

The presence of the gas during growth was first established and identified with the methods of gas chromatography.  Carbon dioxide production is in the majority proportion and carbon monoxide accompanies this in a lower proportion, as is shown below.

CDB CO2_CO Production2

Reference gas chromatogram depicting a comparison between carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide isolated from automobile exhaust and that of the microorganism (CDB).  Retention times correspond and support the identification of both carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide production.

As described in previous papers, the tentative nomenclature for the microorganism has been designated as a “cross-domain bacteria“, or CDB.  This terminology remains in place by this researcher as study continues; all evidence does continue to support the hypothesis of a predominant bacterial origin and nature.

The conclusions regarding the gas as a product of metabolism have been further confirmed with the use of infrared spectrometry.  The carbon dioxide spectrum (gas) presents strong absorbance peaks in the 2100 – 2200 cm-1 wavenumber range.  These peaks have been repeatedly identified within the gaseous samples from the CDB microorganism.

CDB Gas Production CO Segment Average Aug 13 2016 - 13

Infrared spectrum of the gaseous metabolic product from the CDB.  Absorbance in the 2100 – 2200 cm-1 wavenumber range has been repeatedly identified, and is shown above.  This absorbance in this specific infrared range further supports the conclusion of carbon monoxide production by the microorganism.


 Reference spectrum of gaseous carbon monoxide.  Absorbance in the 2100-2200 cm-1 wavenumber range exists as a unique identifying characteristic of the gas.  Source of image : NIST

Gas chromatography and infrared spectrometry methods, applied repeatedly to multiple samples of CDB growth, both support the conclusions of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide production reached in this report.

The concentration of carbon dioxide within the samples is relatively high and easily detected.  The concentration of carbon monoxide is lower, and is at roughly the limits of detection with the instrumentation available.  A first and partial estimate of the carbon monoxide concentration is on the order of 50-100 parts per million (ppm) within the sample volumes examined.  The existence of continuous gas production by the CDB, irrespective of concentrations to be determined in the future, is sufficient to warrant serious health impact investigations.

Additional gaseous production, such as that from hydrocarbons, remains an additional topic of investigation and remains for future discussions.

The primary purpose of this paper is to disclose the result in preparation for future examinations.  A few historical and leading comments will be made with respect to the health issues that warrant mention, but this topic is obviously deserving of its own discussion in future days.

The finding is, of course, of significance.  However, for those familiar with the history of research on this site, the disclosure should not be one of total surprise.  There is now a record over several years of an ongoing chronicle of reported and expected interference with major systems of the body from the Morgellons condition.  This interference and damage to human health most emphatically concerns all aspects of energy production, oxygen transport, iron utilization and respiration.  It has been reported on continuously for a period of many years now.  What differs in the the current situation is that a primary mechanism for a portion of that harm may be under definition.

I will spare the reader of citing the legacy of work on this site that is completely and totally consistent with a finding of carbon monoxide within the metabolism of the organism; I do, however, encourage that investigation to understand the depth of work that leads us to this occasion.

The most immediate need will be a preview to some of the potential health risks from carbon monoxide in the body.  I would suggest that a focal point of investigation be that of chronic low level exposure and the associated symptoms and conditions that might result. Higher concentration impacts, for a myriad of practical reasons, would not seem to be relevant at this time. Carbon monoxide and human health is serious business no matter how you choose to look at it.   It will also be of interest in our future to compare the low level exposure symptoms with those that will, in due time, become known from the investigative survey (MRP) conducted by this Institute.  The investigations will be complicated further by the broad array of disruptors that been brought forth in the course of the research over many years.

It will also be of interest to investigate those groups of bacteria or related microorganisms that share in the property of producing carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and/or various hydrocarbons within their metabolism.  The commonality of that trait will also be of interest.

Let us look at the latter question first.

To Be Continued


Morgellons : An International Presence



An International Presence


Clifford E Carnicom

Aug 10 2016

In an effort to provide continuing documentation of the Morgellons condition, the following images are provided.   The magnification of the series progresses from approximately 100x to 5000x. The samples originate from the scalp of an individual and multiple examples have been provided under clean and controlled conditions.  The network of filaments, although compact and dense, is completely commensurate with previous samples that have been examined over the years.

The filament networks taken from the skin of the affected individual come from a person that resides in France.  Overwhelming evidence continues to mount that the source of the condition is environmental  in nature, origin and distribution. This most recent example demonstrates the international scope of the this continuing and unaddressed public health issue.


Low power image (top lit) of a representative filament network taken from the skin of the individual.  The sample, in general, is difficult to image because of the density of the network.  The samples measure approximately 1 mm in length.  Various microscopy configurations have been used to collect these images. 

Magnification approx. 100x.


A silhouette view on the edge of the filament network.

Magnification approx. 350x.


First level of internal detail of filament network becomes visible.

Magnification approx. 1500x.


The complex internal nature of filament network is revealed.  Extensive discussion on the internal structure of the filament form of growth exists on this site.

Magnification approx. 5000x.