This is a discussion about measurements recently taken with a calibrated photometer that measure the reduction in intensity of sunlight that occurs as a direct result of heavy aerosol operations. These measurements expose a rapid reduction in the transmission of sunlight coinciding with photographs presented on this page that show the aircraft aerosol trails systematically increasing the extent of the aerosol bank.
Interesting to note, is that rather than reducing the temperature of the earth and lower atmosphere, the aerosol operations commonly have the opposite effect of increasing temperature and aggravating, if not inducing drought conditions. This is a result of a combination of factors, including the specific heats of the elements involved as well as the hygroscopic properties of the aerosols. Physical and chemical analysis of the aerosol dynamics will lead to the expected observations of increased temperature, decreased moisture and an increase in winds.
A web based calculator for estimating lower atmospheric magnetic properties is included on this page. By plugging values of electron density, ELF range, element and atomic mass number, and Van de Graaf spark length, this calculator estimates electromagnetic properties of the lower atmosphere, including predicted Whistler frequency, Alfven wave frequency, plasma frequency, lower atmospheric conductivity and more. Mathematical calculations for manually calculating these same values are included in a discussion also on this page.
Citing earlier concerns about and research into the topic of changing conductivity of the atmosphere from aerosol chemicals (see the previous Carnicom paper titled ATMOSPHERIC CONDUCTIVITY dated July 9, 2001 for more information on this topic), Carnicom discusses a method to estimate the atmospheric conductivity using a Van de Graaf generator. This generator uses a rated voltage capacity to cause sparks using the conductivity of the air as the medium. The longer the spark that can be achieved when the generator is activated, the more conductive the atmosphere is. Results presented in this work indicate an increase in the conductivity of the lower atmosphere by a factor of approximately 3 to 20 from a baseline ‘normal’ known value of air. The benefit of the current study is that it provides an estimate as to the magnitude of the change in atmospheric conductivity using relatively simple methods and equipment. Provided on this paper is a calculator that can be used to predict the ratio of increase in conductivity relative to the expected value of a normal atmosphere, as is a detailed mathematical analysis showing the calculations used to determine how to measure conductivity of the atmosphere and the use of electron density for this determination .
There appears to be an increasingly obvious connection between the existence of aerosol banks close to ground level, the existence of extreme variations in local magnetic field intensity, and the existence of highly pulsed VLF data. This paper outlines existing theories and new ones, and shows the continuing correlations among these theories with observations and data collected during Carnicom’s experiments.
Graphics shown on this page are the result of testing done on April 5, 2003, and give the reader an idea of how anomalous the magnetic and VLF readings were throughout the day in direct connection with these lowered aerosol banks and increased winds. The presence of lowered aerosol banks appears to be increasingly important toward the capture of this data. There is also an increasing likelihood that the existence of these pulses is associated with sunlight. Such pulses have yet to be captured under periods of darkness or extensive cloud cover.
Very Low Frequency (VLF) pulse data has again been captured and graphed in this paper, after several days of relative inactivity. Carnicom notes that there seems to be a likelihood that the existence of these pulses is associated with sunlight. Such pulses have yet to be captured under periods of darkness or extensive cloud cover. The role of ionization with respect to the aerosol operations is to be strongly considered in the evaluation of this topic, as is the use of harmonics in evaluating the captured data. A quote from this paper comes from the Military’s Executive Summary of the HAARP program: “The military’s own Executive Summary of the HAARP program clearly stated their reliance on ELF waves. Instead of transmitting these waves from ground based transmitters, HAARP created these waves through the use of “pulse” transmissions of their HF energy beams. Or, to put it another way, HAARP duplicated the ELF signals by turning their signal on and off at rates (30 to 3000 cycles per second) within the ELF range. The result was that ELF radiation could be directed to a specific area on the surface of the planet, at will.”
A signal in the range of roughly 75-100KHz has been shown to be continuously present as measured by the ELF-LF (Extremely Low Frequency-Low Frequency) detection circuit, discussed in the previous Carnicom paper titled LF FREQUENCY MONITORING BEGINS (from November 5, 2002). This paper presents two theories as to the reason for this signal being ever present in the circuit. The first is the possibility of their being a resonant frequency being introduced into the circuit as a result of the op amp being used. The circuit itself is generating the reference signal, which can then be evaluated with respect to variations in frequency caused by external electromagnetic influences. Though this seems like a plausible explanation, Carnicom makes note of the fact that this ‘reference’ frequency varies over time, which raises further questions. The second explanation for the ‘reference’ frequency being seen in this circuit has to do with the existence of Alfven waves, and their relation to earlier historical discovery of the propagation of what are called Whistler waves. The presence of ELF waves in conjunction with the aerosol operations as a topic of research is discussed, as there are serious implications with respect to human health and mental functioning if such a propagation is ever verified.
Images of measurements of electromagnetic changes in the atmosphere made by Carnicom are presented here. There are indications in these images of increasing frequencies measured that correlate to the onset of aerosol operations. The images of the electromagnetic measurements include those made before, during, and after aerosol operations.
Please note the location of the maximum ionization by cosmic rays within the atmospheric profile.
Source: American Institute of Physics Handbook, 1963.
A case is made here for the need to have independent testing and verification performed of current atmospheric particulate counts in the United States. The basis for such a need includes; the repeated observations of the decline in visibility in the US (which is directly related to particulate concentrations), the unwillingness of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to adequately address concerns of countless citizens regarding atmospheric degradation by aircraft aerosol operations; the US National Weather Service’s reduction of visibility reporting standards from a maximum of 40 miles to a maximum of 10 miles; the apparent limitations of access to post-1998 public data base files that involves direct atmospheric monitoring by government bodies such as NOAA’s Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory; and the newly released 1999 US mortality statistics showing an increase in chronic lower respiratory deaths. A theory of light scattering is discussed to be used as an initial estimator of atmospheric concentrations of particulate data, with example cases used to illustrate how such models can be used to estimate these
This work presents a forward looking statement about the ionosphere, provided through the Lancaster Department of Communications systems.
Research is indicating that the conductivity of the atmosphere has been increased in conjunction with the extensive aerosol operations that have been documented. This paper details using a Van de Graaf generator to create a spark in the open atmosphere to determine the dielectric strength (or conductivity) of the atmosphere. The conclusion after testing was performed is that the atmosphere is not acting as efficiently as an insulator, or conversely, the atmosphere is more electrically conductive than is expected, indicating that conductivity characteristics of the atmosphere have been altered.